The city of Athens was named after Athena, goddess of wisdom, who according to the legend was taken as a trophy beating Poseidon to a battle.
In this city, in ancient Greece, have lived, orated and pleaded the greatest philosophers and orators of Ancient Greece, such as Thoukidides, Socrates, Plato, Aristoteles, Anaximandros, Perikles and many others who helped to determine the evolution of the ancient civilization.
The first house in Athens, in 3000 bc, was in Acropolis, in where all the leaders of the city used to live, indifferent of the constitution they supported, the citizens and the merchants. So, it was an autonomous city. As a result, Athens has always accommodated freedom and democracy.

Modern Athens was reconstituted in 1834, when the city was declared as the capital of new Greece. Besides the ancient monuments, the city has monuments from the Byzantine time and of the years followed ( 19th century ). It has also, one of the best museums of the world ( the National Archaeological Museum ), along with areas of special beauty.
Whoever is in the beautiful centre of Athens, stands a good chance to visit also its great historical and modern monuments. Starting from Acropolis, the visitor has the possibility to admire for himself the Parthenon, the already world known temple of ancient goddess Athena. To continue with, he can visit the world famous Herodion, graphic Plaka with its beautiful alleys, where someone can observe the majesty of the structure of ancient Athens. To end with, it’s worth mentioning that the National Garden, Zappion and Syntagma Square are places that really deserve to be visited.